Baroque painting in Central and South America is basically an extension of that of Spain and Portugal, and even the best rarely rises to the general standard of the European schools.
Arawak and Taino B.
Much of the history of these islanders was recorded by the Spanish explorers and early settlers, with the rest pieced together by the work of anthropologists in more recent years.
Naming the Native Inhabitants One important item to understand about the "Indians" of this region is that they were given this name by Columbus, who believed he had reached the East Indies. It is for this reason that we still refer to the indigenous people of the American continents and Caribbean basin as Indians.
However, a number of different ethnic groups of these indigenous people lived around the Caribbean. The Spanish often used Caribs as slaves, and few Carib villages remain in the Caribbean.
The Ciboney are the least-known people of the region.
Migrations The Ciboney are thought to be the earliest arrivals to the Caribbean region. Ciboneys of the Caribbean region are also called Guanahatabeys on occasion. These people had a poorly developed social structure and were relatively peaceful.
The last Guanahatabeys were on the western tip of Cuba when Columbus arrived to explore the islands. From as far back as B. By about A. The chain from Trinidad and Tobago northward through Guadeloupe had become Carib nations, with the possible exception of Barbados, which was off the beaten track.
Unearthing History Native artifacts have been found from as far back as B. The earliest items, dating from around B. The tools were extremely primitive, made using a stone flaking method, rather than a grinding method. No pottery has been found from this period.
Some rock shelters have been discovered in Cuba, and evidence suggests that the native inhabitants began widening their range of items and skills, such as shells and carving, as well as food gathering habits.
This group placed great emphasis on fishing and had their sights set on northward movement. These people spread throughout the archipelago and seem to have met with these earlier people around B. The two cultures began trading knowledge and goods.
Other tribes continued to come into the region.
They brought pottery and other items of more advanced civilization with them. The earliest dates of their occupation of the majority of the Caribbean are around B.
Painted pottery came to the islands, as well. Most often, the Caribs simply took control of the people of the islands they populated. They shared their language and customs, but intermingled with the previous islanders.
However, they shared a language and many other traditions - including a religion that was at least similar across the islands, though some minor changes seem to have been recorded. They also believed in a main god and goddess, as well as some ancestor worship.
Their social structure also included a man who led the community, called a cacique. Some larger islands had bigger communities grouped together under a main cacique, with local caciques leading the individual villages, while other villages were more independent. Another important member of the community was the shaman, the doctor and religious leader.
They worshiped zemis, which could be defined as both the spirits and gods as well as the physical icons of these mystical beings.The new research finally provides concrete proof that indigenous ancestry in the region has survived to the present day.
Explore further: Drones help write new history of Caribbean. Caribbean culture is a product of its history and caninariojana.com of the Caribbean territories were inhabited and developed earlier than European colonies in the Americas, with the result that themes and symbols of pioneers, farmers, and traders were important in the early development of Caribbean caninariojana.com British conquest of the Caribbean .
Central America makes up most of the tapering isthmus that separates the Pacific Ocean, to the west, from the Caribbean Sea.
It extends in an arc roughly 1, miles (1, km) long from the northwest to . The Caribbean: A History of the Region and Its Peoples (U of Chicago Press, ) pp Ratekin, Mervyn. "The Early Sugar Industry in Española," Hispanic American Historical Review () Arawak and Taino B.C.
Caribbean Islands Table of Contents The Pre-European Population. Before the arrival of Christopher Columbus in , most of the Caribbean was peopled by three types, or groups, of inhabitants: the Ciboney or Guanahuatebey, the Taino or . Central America makes up most of the tapering isthmus that separates the Pacific Ocean, to the west, from the Caribbean Sea. It extends in an arc roughly 1, miles (1, km) long from the northwest to . The new research finally provides concrete proof that indigenous ancestry in the region has survived to the present day. Explore further: Drones help write new history of Caribbean.
- A.D.: Columbus wasn't the first to the Caribbean, but neither were the Taínos Although a recorded, written history of the islanders who met the Europeans upon their arrival does not exist, we still know quite a bit about the earliest recorded natives on the Caribbean islands.
Slavery, for example, was abolished in the British Caribbean in , the French Caribbean in , the Dutch Caribbean in , and in Cuba in And while most territories became independent in the s and s, some became independent much earlier and others are still (semi) dependent.