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The Antebellum Period in American history is generally considered to be the period before the civil war and after the War ofalthough some historians expand it to all the years from the adoption of the Constitution in to the beginning of the Civil War.
It was characterized by the rise of abolition and the gradual polarization of the country between abolitionists and supporters of slavery. The annexation of new territory and western expansion saw the reinforcement of American individualism and of Manifest Destiny, the idea that Americans and the institutions of the U.
The Cotton Economy In The South In the South, cotton plantations were very profitable, at least until overplanting leached most of the nutrients from the soil. Plantation owners were able to obtain large tracts of land for little money, particularly after the Indian Removal Act was passed in These plantations depended on a large force of slave labor to Antebellum outline and harvest the crop—most white farmers in the 19th century wanted and were able to obtain their own farms as the U.
The demand for slave labor and the U. As the quality of land decreased from over-cultivation, slave owners increasingly found that the majority of their wealth existed in the form of their slaves; they began looking to new lands in Texas and further west, as well as in the Caribbean and Central America, as places where they might expand their holdings and continue their way of life.
Early Industrialization and the Rise in Manufacturing in the North The early industrial revolution began with textile industry in New England, which was revolutionized by Samuel Slater.
Inthe horse-powered Beverly Cotton Manufactory had begun operating in Beverly, Massachusetts; inSlater opened the first fully mechanized mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.
His system of independent mills and mill towns spread through the Blackstone Valley into Massachusetts. The Waltham system also included specialized, trained employees to run the looms—mainly young women—giving rise to the concept of wage labor, which gradually began overtaking previous forms of labor, such as apprenticeship and indentured servitude, family labor, and slavery in industrialized areas.
A population shift from farms to cities had already begun, but the promise of better income in factory jobs accelerated that movement. Manufacturing advances were not limited to the textile industry alone. Similar advances occurred in other industries, including the manufacture of equipment, machinery, furniture, paints, paper, and glass.
Every part of American industry and production was affected. Penny Press and Affordable Newspapers Among the areas benefitting from advances in technology was the printing business, in particular, the printing of newspapers.
Most newspapers in the early 19th century cost six cents a copy and were affordable only to the upper classes, though a barter system often allowed readers to trade rags, whiskey or other goods for a subscription.
InAmerican Richard M. Hoe made a further improvement with the rotary printing press, which arranged the material to be printed on a cylinder rather than a flat plate, allowing a much larger volumes of material to be printed—millions of copies in a day rather than thousands—at a lower cost.
These advances led to a rise in the number of newspapers published, with more available at prices affordable to the working class—byabout 3, newspapers were published in the U. Papers were often read aloud in homes, bringing news of the government, politics, and local events.
Significant speeches were sometimes printed in their entirety, giving politicians and social activists a much wider audience.
Stories from one newspaper might be reprinted in others, sometimes with local commentary or editorial rebuttals added. The advent of the telegraph meant news from distant places could be disseminated much more rapidly.Antebellum Slavery essays Slavery has been of significant importance in American history.
During the antebellum period, slavery undergirded the economy of the United States, dominated politics and eventually led to the war between the North and South (Institution ).
After the Civil War. Feb 16, · During antebellum America, the Jacksonian Democrats were created.
This was a group that viewed themselves as protectors of the common people. A powerful executive whose goal was to destroy aristocracy in America, Andrew Jackson, ruled the Jacksonian Democrats.
View Notes - Antebellum Reform Outline from HIST E at University of South Carolina. How did Americans respond to the reformers who advocated abolishing .
View Notes - 22 Antebellum Slavery Institution outline from HIST at Louisiana State University. Antebellum Slavery: The Institution I. Extent of slavery (ss) A.) Spreading during. The antebellum period from to was a time of both expansion and division in the United States.
Most of the goods that passed in and out of Louisiana and the entire Mississippi Valley region came through New Orleans. During most of the antebellum period it was the United States' second leading port, behind only New York City. Antebellum Slavery essays Slavery has been of significant importance in American history. During the antebellum period, slavery undergirded the economy of the United States, dominated politics and eventually led to the war between the North and South (Institution ). After the Civil War. The Antebellum Outline. Sam Chiang 11/12/ Period 4. The Age of Andrew Jackson. The Seventh President of the United States () Andrew Jackson was known as “The Common Man”.
In the seven decades prior the Civil War, American’s had been fighting to reform society in order to perfect America and its people. Most of the goods that passed in and out of Louisiana and the entire Mississippi Valley region came through New Orleans. During most of the antebellum period it was the United States' second leading port, behind only New York City.